Jamie Stitt

Assistant Commissioner, Business and Workforce Development

Tennessee Department of Economic and Community Development
312 Rosa L. Parks Ave., Nashville, TN 37243
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Hamilton County

County Profile Tool
Hamilton County

Population & Demographics

Location

Time Zone

Eastern Time Zone

Grand Division

East Tennessee

Area (Square Miles)

542.4

County Seat

Chattanooga

Metropolitan Area

Chattanooga, TN-GA

ECD Region

Southeast

Population

Population (2014)

336,463

Population (2019)

366,207

Population Change (2014-2019)

8.8%

Population Forecast (2040)

414,987

Foreign Born Population

19,036

Foreign Born Persons (Percentage of Population)

5.3%

Language Other Than English Spoken At Home

7.1%

Civilian Veteran Population

21,821

Race (Percentage of Population)

White Alone

75.3%

Black or African American, alone

19.1%

American Indian And Alaska Native, alone

0.2%

Asian, alone

2.1%

Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, alone

0.0%

Some Other Race, alone

1.2%

Two or More Races

2.1%

Hispanic or Latino

5.6%

Age (Percentage of Population)
Male
Female
Total

Under 5 Years Old

Male: 6.1%

Female: 5.5%

Total: 5.8%

Under 18 Years Old

Male: 22.1%

Female: 19.7%

Total: 20.9%

18-64 Years Old

Male: 62.4%

Female: 61.4%

Total: 61.9%

65 Years and Over

Male: 15.5%

Female: 18.9%

Total: 17.2%

Median Age

Male: 38.2

Female: 41.1

Total: 39.7

Sources:
U.S. Census Bureau, 2015-2019 5-Year American Community Survey
U.S. Census Bureau, 2019 Annual Population Estimates
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Tennessee State Data Center (2018)

Housing & Income

Housing & Income

Households

137,309

Homeownership Rate

64.0%

Persons Per Household

2.41

Living In Same House 1 Year & Over

85.9%

Median Home Value

$180,900

Annual Home Sales

6,968

Median Sale Price of Homes Sold

$228,000

Persons In Households With Income Below Poverty Level

12.8%

Total Personal Income

$19,626,083

Personal Income Per Capita

$53,360

County Median Wage

$18.52

Household Income & Benefits
Percent of Household

Less Than $10,000

6.0%

$10,000 to $14,999

5.2%

$15,000 to $24,999

10.7%

$25,000 to $34,999

10.4%

$35,000 to $49,999

13.8%

$50,000 to $74,999

17.4%

$75,000 to $99,999

12.0%

$100,000 to $149,999

13.8%

$150,000 to $199,999

4.9%

$200,000 or More

5.8%

Median Household Income

$55,070

Percentage of Households by Income Range

Sources:
U.S. Census Bureau, 2015-2019 5-Year American Community Survey
Tennessee Housing Development Agency (2019)
U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (2019)
Economic Modeling Specialists Intl. (2020)

Tax Structure

Property Tax

Property Tax Rate (County)

$2.7652

State Property Tax

None

Assessment Ratio: Residential Property

25%

Assessment Ratio: Farm Property

25%

Assessment Ratio: Commercial/Industrial Property

40%

Assessment Ratio: Public Utility Property

55%

Assessment Ratio: Business Personal Property

30%

State Tax

State Income Tax on Wages

None

State Income Tax: Interest from Bonds and Notes and Dividends from Stock

1% (Hall Income tax is fully repealed after January 1, 2021)

Excise Tax (State)

6.5% of Tennessee taxable income

Franchise Tax (state)

0.25% of the greater of net worth or real and tangible property in Tennessee. The minimum tax is $100.

Unemployment Insurance Tax (state)

2.7% of the first $7,000 in wages for new employers

Sales Tax

State Sales Tax Rate

7.00%

County Sales Tax Rate

2.25%

Local Sales Tax Collections (FY 2019)

$146,082,962

Local Sales Tax Collections (FY 2020)

$155,438,925

Local Sales Tax Collections Growth (FY 2019 - FY 2020)

6.40%

State Bond Ratings

Moody's

Aaa

Standard & Poor's

AAA

Fitch

AAA

Debt per Capita

State Debt per Capita

$929 (lowest in U.S.)

County Debt Per Capita

$1,034

Sources:
Tennessee Comptroller of the Treasury (2020)
Tennessee Department of Revenue (2020)
The Tax Foundation (2020)

Labor Force

Labor Force Estimates (2019)
Tennessee
Hamilton

Labor Force

Tennessee: 3,287,422

Hamilton: 182,352

Employment

Tennessee: 3,041,838

Hamilton: 169,337

Unemployment

Tennessee: 245,584

Hamilton: 13,015

Unemployment Rate

Tennessee: 7.5%

Hamilton: 7.1%

Unemployment Rate*
Tennessee
Hamilton

2016

Tennessee: 3.7%

Hamilton: 3.6%

2017

Tennessee: 3.5%

Hamilton: 3.4%

2018

Tennessee: 3.4%

Hamilton: 3.2%

2019

Tennessee: 7.5%

Hamilton: 7.1%

Unemployment Rate (by percentage)

Sources:
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Industries (2020)

Industry
Employment
Establishments
Avg. Annual Wages

Crop and Animal Production

Employment: 183

Establishments: 12

Avg. Annual Wages: $43,838

Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction

Employment: 75

Establishments: 4

Avg. Annual Wages: $72,773

Utilities

Employment: 265

Establishments: 14

Employment: $80,044

Construction

Employment: 9,435

Establishments: 754

Employment: $63,913

Manufacturing

Employment: 24,245

Establishments: 513

Employment: $63,316

Wholesale Trade

Employment: 6,885

Establishments: 731

Employment: $71,839

Retail Trade

Employment: 19,803

Establishments: 1,343

Employment: $31,777

Transportation and Warehousing

Employment: 15,598

Establishments: 290

Employment: $49,380

Information

Employment: 1,993

Establishments: 228

Employment: $57,337

Finance and Insurance

Employment: 13,319

Establishments: 653

Employment: $82,258

Real Estate and Rental and Leasing

Employment: 2,749

Establishments: 426

Employment: $53,907

Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services

Employment: 8,506

Establishments: 1,284

Employment: $74,757

Management of Companies and Enterprises

Employment: 1,599

Establishments: 74

Employment: $93,644

Administrative, Support, Waste Management and Remediation

Employment: 14,839

Establishments: 577

Employment: $34,900

Educational Services

Employment: 3,156

Establishments: 124

Employment: $39,023

Health Care and Social Assistance

Employment: 24,689

Establishments: 1,152

Employment: $53,818

Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation

Employment: 2,459

Establishments: 172

Employment: $24,895

Accommodation and Food Services

Employment: 19,709

Establishments: 957

Employment: $18,936

Other Services (except Public Administration)

Employment: 6,256

Establishments: 940

Employment: $38,606

Government

Employment: 28,210

Establishments: 169

Employment: $65,341

Unclassified

Employment: 12

Establishments: 6

Employment: $30,329

Total

Employment: 203,986

Establishments: 10,422

Employment: $52,455

Unique Occupations*
Employment
Location Quotient*

Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons

Employment: 23

Location Quotient*: 18.84

Timing Device Assemblers and Adjusters

Employment: 28

Location Quotient*: 13.72

Genetic Counselors

Employment: 34

Location Quotient*: 8.52

Floor Sanders and Finishers

Employment: 49

Location Quotient*: 7

Print Binding and Finishing Workers

Employment: 425

Location Quotient*: 6.98

Key Cluster
Total Employment

Advanced Materials

582

Aerospace & Defense

198

Appliances & Electrical

486

Automotive

4,466

Business Services

9,556

Chemicals

2,931

Distribution & Logistics

21,766

Film, Music & Entertainment

212

Food & Beverage

4,755

Healthcare & Medical Devices

1,381

Top Employers

Top County Employers
Estimated Employees
City

Erlanger Health System

Est. Employees: 6,000

City: Chattanooga

Hamilton County Schools

Est. Employees: 4,980

City: Chattanooga

Bluecross Blueshield of Tennessee, Inc.

Est. Employees: 4,167

City: Chattanooga

Tennessee Valley Authority

Est. Employees: 3,000

City: Soddy Daisy

McKee Foods Corporation

Est. Employees: 2,928

City: Collegedale

Volkswagen Group of America Chattanooga Operations, LLC

Est. Employees: 2,818

City: Chattanooga

Memorial Health Care System, Inc.

Est. Employees: 2,800

City: Chattanooga

UNUM Group

Est. Employees: 2,800

City: Chattanooga

Amazon.com Services, LLC

Est. Employees: 2,518

City: Chattanooga

City of Chattanooga

Est. Employees: 2509

City: Chattanooga

Transportation & Logistics

Transportation

Nearest Commercial Service Airport

Chattanooga Metropolitan

Daily Flights At Nearest Commercial Service Airport

43

Nearest General Aviation Airport

Lovell Field (Chattanooga)

Runway Length at Nearest General Aviation Airport

7,400'

Mean Travel Time to Work (Minutes)

21.5

Access of Interstate

I-24 & I-75

U.S. Highways

27, 41, 64, 74, 127

State Highways

2, 8, 17, 27, 29, 38, 58, 60, 111, 134, 148, 153, 312, 316, 317, 318, 319, 320, 321, 389

Nearest Port (From County Seat)

Chattanooga

Railroads Serving County

CSX, NS, Chattanooga and Chickamauga Railway, East Chattanooga Belt Railway,

Sources:
Tennessee Department of Transportation
U.S. Census Bureau, 2010-2014 5-Year American Community Survey

Education

General Stats
Hamilton
Tennessee

Population Aged 25-64 With High School Degree Or Higher

Hamilton: 90.00%

Tennessee: 89.50%

Population Aged 25-64 With Associate's Degree Or Higher

Hamilton: 41.50%

Tennessee: 36.70%

Population Aged 25-64 With Bachelor's Degree Or Higher

Hamilton: 32.20%

Tennessee: 28.70%

High School Graduation Rate

Hamilton: 87%

Tennessee: 89%

College Going Rate

Hamilton: 65.80%

Tennessee: 63.40%

Average ACT Score

Hamilton: 19.9

Tennessee: 20.2

High School Graduation Rate
College Going Rate
Average ACT Score
Hamilton County Schools
Enrollment

Elementary Schools

Enrollment: 21,001

Middle Schools

Enrollment: 9,481

High Schools

Enrollment: 11,843

Regional Higher Education Institutions
City
Enrollment

The University of Tennessee-Chattanooga

City: Chattanooga

Enrollment: 11,533

Chattanooga State Community College

City: Chattanooga

Enrollment: 8,685

Southern Adventist University

City: Collegedale

Enrollment: 2,959

Tennessee College of Applied Technology-Chattanooga

City: Chattanooga

Enrollment: 2,096

Lee University

City: Cleveland

Enrollment: 5,302

Cleveland State Community College

City: Cleveland

Enrollment: 3,327

Bryan College-Dayton

City: Dayton

Enrollment: 1,481

Sources:
U.S. Census Bureau, 2017 1-Year American Community Survey,
U.S. Census Bureau, 2013-2017 5-Year American Community Survey
Tennessee Department of Education (2017-2018)
National Center for Education Statistics (2016-2017)
Tennessee Higher Education Commission

† Regional higher education institutions include those within the selected and surrounding counties.

Health & Public Safety

Doctors

Number of Doctors

1,505

Overweight & Obesity Prevalence

Adults*

30.2%

Children** (Grade 8)

33.1%

Regional Hospitals
Number of Beds
City

Erlanger East Hospital

Number of Beds: 788

City: Chattanooga

Erlanger Medical Center

Number of Beds: 788

City: Chattanooga

Erlanger North Hospital

Number of Beds: 788

City: Chattanooga

Parkridge East Hospital

Number of Beds: 621

City: Chattanooga

Parkridge Medical Center, Inc.

Number of Beds: 621

City: Chattanooga

Parkridge Valley Hospital-Adult & Senior

Number of Beds: 621

City: Chattanooga

Parkridge Valley Hospital-Child & Adolescent

Number of Beds: 621

City: Chattanooga

Memorial Health Care System (and Hixson)

Number of Beds: 423

City: Chattanooga

Memorial Hospital Hixson

Number of Beds: 423

City: Hixson

Siskin Hospital for Physical Rehabilitation

Number of Beds: 88

City: Chattanooga

Healthsouth Chattanooga Rehabilitation Hospital

Number of Beds: 69

City: Chattanooga

Kindred Hospital - Chattanooga

Number of Beds: 49

City: Chattanooga

Parkridge West Hospital

Number of Beds: 621

City: Jasper

Tennova Healthcare - Cleveland Westside

Number of Beds: 351

City: Cleveland

Tennova Healthcare - Cleveland

Number of Beds: 351

City: Cleveland

Erlanger Bledsoe

Number of Beds: 25

City: Pikeville

Rhea Medical Center

Number of Beds: 25

City: Dayton

Sources:
Tennessee Department of Health (2014)
Tennessee Bureau of Investigation (2014)

† Regional hospitals include those within the selected and surrounding counties.

Climate

Climate

Average High Temperature

71.6°F

Average Low Temperature

50.1°F

Average Annual Temperature

60.9°F

Annual Rainfall

52.44"

Elevation (at County Seat)

665'

Prevailing Winds

Southerly

Sources:
usclimatedata.com (2015)

Community Information

Chattanooga

Population (2019)

179,690

Charter Type

Home Rule

Local Option Sales Tax Rate

2.25%

City Property Tax Rate

$2.28

Phone Number

(423) 757-5152

Retire Tennessee Participant

Yes

Tennessee Downtowns Participant

No

Main Street Participant

No

Collegedale

Population (2019)

11,275

Charter Type

General Law Manager-Commission

Local Option Sales Tax Rate

2.25%

City Property Tax Rate

$1.65

Phone Number

(423) 396-3135

Retire Tennessee Participant

Yes

Tennessee Downtowns Participant

No

Main Street Participant

No

East Ridge

Population (2019)

21,168

Charter Type

Home Rule

Local Option Sales Tax Rate

2.25%

City Property Tax Rate

$1.34

Phone Number

(423) 867-7711

Retire Tennessee Participant

Yes

Tennessee Downtowns Participant

No

Main Street Participant

No

Lakesite

Population (2019)

2,028

Charter Type

General Law Manager-Commission

Local Option Sales Tax Rate

2.25%

City Property Tax Rate

$0.24

Phone Number

(423) 842-2533

Retire Tennessee Participant

Yes

Tennessee Downtowns Participant

No

Main Street Participant

No

Lookout Mountain

Population (2019)

1,965

Charter Type

Private Act

Local Option Sales Tax Rate

2.25%

City Property Tax Rate

$2.09

Phone Number

(423) 821-1226

Retire Tennessee Participant

Yes

Tennessee Downtowns Participant

No

Main Street Participant

No

Red Bank

Population (2019)

11,745

Charter Type

Home Rule

Local Option Sales Tax Rate

2.25%

City Property Tax Rate

$1.39

Phone Number

(423) 877-1103

Retire Tennessee Participant

Yes

Tennessee Downtowns Participant

No

Main Street Participant

No

Ridgeside

Population (2019)

756

Charter Type

Private Act

Local Option Sales Tax Rate

2.25%

City Property Tax Rate

$2.73

Phone Number

(423) 698-4326

Retire Tennessee Participant

No

Tennessee Downtowns Participant

No

Main Street Participant

No

Signal Mountain

Population (2019)

8,539

Charter Type

Private Act

Local Option Sales Tax Rate

2.25%

City Property Tax Rate

$1.89

Phone Number

(423) 886-2177

Retire Tennessee Participant

Yes

Tennessee Downtowns Participant

No

Main Street Participant

No

Soddy-Daisy

Population (2019)

13,398

Charter Type

General Law Manager-Commission

Local Option Sales Tax Rate

2.25%

City Property Tax Rate

$1.35

Phone Number

(423) 332-5323

Retire Tennessee Participant

Yes

Tennessee Downtowns Participant

No

Main Street Participant

No

Walden

Population (2019)

1,948

Charter Type

General Law Mayor-Alderman

Local Option Sales Tax Rate

2.25%

City Property Tax Rate

$0.61

Phone Number

(423) 886-4362

Retire Tennessee Participant

Yes

Tennessee Downtowns Participant

No

Main Street Participant

No

Additional Community Information

ThreeStar Certified County

Yes

Sources:
Tennessee Municipal Technical Advisory Service
Tennessee Department of Revenue (2015)
Tennessee Comptroller of the Treasury (2015)
U.S. Census Bureau, 2010-2014 5-Year American Community Survey

Tennessee Department of Economic and Community Development
312 Rosa L. Parks Ave., Nashville, TN 37243
615.741.1888 |
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