Jamie Stitt

Assistant Commissioner, Business and Workforce Development

Tennessee Department of Economic and Community Development
312 Rosa L. Parks Ave., Nashville, TN 37243
Do Business in Tennessee
I am a:

Unicoi County

County Profile Tool
Unicoi County

Population & Demographics

Location

Time Zone

Eastern Time Zone

Grand Division

East Tennessee

Area (Square Miles)

186.2

County Seat

Erwin

Metropolitan Area

Johnson City, TN

ECD Region

Northeast

Population

Population

(2010)

18,313

Population

(2020)

17,928

Population Change

(2010 - 2020)

-2.10%

Population Forecast

(2040)

17,760

Foreign Born Population

687

Foreign Born Persons (Percentage of Population)

3.90%

Language Other Than English Spoken At Home

5.50%

Civilian Veteran Population

1,516

Race (Percentage of Population)

White Alone

95.70%

Black or African American, alone

0.30%

American Indian And Alaska Native, alone

0.30%

Asian, alone

0.40%

Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, alone

0.00%

Some Other Race, alone

1.60%

Two or More Races

1.80%

Hispanic or Latino

5.30%

Age (Percentage of Population)
Male
Female
Total

Under 5 Years Old

Male: 3.80%

Female: 3.70%

Total: 3.80%

Under 18 Years Old

Male: 17.20%

Female: 15.80%

Total: 16.50%

18-64 Years Old

Male: 61.20%

Female: 58.30%

Total: 59.80%

65 Years and Over

Male: 21.60%

Female: 25.90%

Total: 23.70%

Median Age

Male: 45.2

Female: 48.8

Total: 47.4

Sources:
U.S. Census Bureau, 2015-2019 5-Year American Community Survey
U.S. Census Bureau, 2019 Annual Population Estimates
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Tennessee State Data Center (2022)

Housing & Income

Housing & Income

Households

7,683

Homeownership Rate

72.50%

Persons Per Household

2.25

Living In Same House 1 Year & Over

90.80%

Median Home Value

$136,500

Annual Home Sales

188

Median Sale Price of Homes Sold

$141,000

Persons In Households With Income Below Poverty Level

17.50%

Total Personal Income

$698.8M

Personal Income Per Capita

$39,357

County Median Wage

$17.06

Household Income & Benefits
Percent of Household

Less Than $10,000

11.20%

$10,000 to $14,999

7.20%

$15,000 to $24,999

11.90%

$25,000 to $34,999

11.40%

$35,000 to $49,999

16.60%

$50,000 to $74,999

16.70%

$75,000 to $99,999

13.80%

$100,000 to $149,999

7.80%

$150,000 to $199,999

2.10%

$200,000 or More

1.40%

Median Household Income

$44,526

Percentage of Households by Income Range

Sources:
U.S. Census Bureau, 2016-2020 5-Year American Community Survey
Tennessee Housing Development Agency (2019)
U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (2020)
Economic Modeling Specialists Intl. (2022)

Tax Structure

Property Tax

Property Tax Rate (County)

$2.85

State Property Tax

None

Assessment Ratio: Residential Property

25%

Assessment Ratio: Farm Property

25%

Assessment Ratio: Commercial/Industrial Property

40%

Assessment Ratio: Public Utility Property

55%

Assessment Ratio: Business Personal Property

30%

State Tax

State Income Tax on Wages

None

State Income Tax: Interest from Bonds and Notes and Dividends from Stock

None (Hall Income tax was fully repealed January 1, 2021)

Excise Tax (State)

6.5% of Tennessee taxable income

Franchise Tax (state)

0.25% of the greater of net worth or real and tangible property in Tennessee. The minimum tax is $100.

Unemployment Insurance Tax (state)

2.7% of the first $7,000 in wages for new employers

Sales Tax

State Sales Tax Rate

7.00%

County Sales Tax Rate

2.75%

Local Sales Tax Collections

(FY 2021)

$5,417,758

Local Sales Tax Collections

(FY 2020)

$5,323,477

Local Sales Tax Collections Growth

(FY 2020 - FY 2021)

1.77%

State Bond Ratings

Moody's

Aaa

Standard & Poor's

AAA

Fitch

AAA

Debt per Capita

State Debt per Capita

$992 (Lowest in U.S.)

County Debt Per Capita

$1,030

Sources:
Tennessee Comptroller of the Treasury (2022)
Tennessee Department of Revenue (2022)
The Tax Foundation (2022)

Labor Force

Labor Force Estimates (2021)
Tennessee
Unicoi

Labor Force

Tennessee: 3,327,738

Unicoi: 7,062

Employment

Tennessee: 3,184,489

Unicoi: 6,715

Unemployment

Tennessee: 143,248

Unicoi: 347

Unemployment Rate

Tennessee: 4.30%

Unicoi: 4.90%

Unemployment Rate*
Tennessee
Unicoi

2018

Tennessee: 3.50%

Unicoi: 4.90%

2019

Tennessee: 3.40%

Unicoi: 5.00%

2020

Tennessee: 7.40%

Unicoi: 7.90%

2021

Tennessee: 4.30%

Unicoi: 4.90%

Unemployment Rate (by percentage)

Sources:
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Industries (2020)

Industry
Employment
Establishments
Avg. Annual Wages

Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction

Employment: 61

Establishments: 1

Avg. Annual Wages: $49,764

Construction

Employment: 93

Establishments: 16

Employment: $45,427

Manufacturing

Employment: 1,496

Establishments: 22

Employment: $74,797

Wholesale Trade

Employment: 55

Establishments: 10

Employment: $70,105

Retail Trade

Employment: 595

Establishments: 41

Employment: $26,415

Transportation and Warehousing

Employment: 47

Establishments: 6

Employment: $51,931

Information

Employment: 14

Establishments: 6

Employment: $47,451

Finance and Insurance

Employment: 70

Establishments: 17

Employment: $45,520

Real Estate and Rental and Leasing

Employment: 35

Establishments: 8

Employment: $42,039

Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services

Employment: 64

Establishments: 21

Employment: $122,197

Management of Companies and Enterprises

Employment: 10

Establishments: 2

Employment: $92,323

Administrative, Support, Waste Management and Remediation

Employment: 321

Establishments: 12

Employment: $50,265

Health Care and Social Assistance

Employment: 596

Establishments: 38

Employment: $34,473

Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation

Employment: 23

Establishments: 2

Employment: $15,005

Accommodation and Food Services

Employment: 487

Establishments: 34

Employment: $13,913

Other Services (except Public Administration)

Employment: 72

Establishments: 20

Employment: $23,864

Government

Employment: 848

Establishments: 25

Employment: $40,158

Total

Employment: 4,888

Establishments: 283

Employment: $48,484

Unique Occupations*
Employment
Location Quotient*

Tire Builders

Employment: 116

Location Quotient*: 177.97

Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders

Employment: 22

Location Quotient*: 38.71

Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

Employment: 78

Location Quotient*: 32.92

Chemical Engineers

Employment: 18

Location Quotient*: 17.96

Machine Feeders and Offbearers

Employment: 35

Location Quotient*: 15.17

Key Cluster
Total Employment

Advanced Materials

414

Aerospace & Defense

0

Appliances & Electrical

265

Automotive

371

Business Services

46

Chemicals

405

Distribution & Logistics

47

Film, Music & Entertainment

0

Food & Beverage

0

Healthcare & Medical Devices

0

Top Employers

Top County Employers
Estimated Employees
City

Nuclear Fuel Services, Inc.

Est. Employees: 735

City: Erwin

Unicoi County Board of Education

Est. Employees: 400

City: Erwin

Specialty Tires of America, Inc.

Est. Employees: 231

City: Unicoi

Tsubaki Nakashima Co., Ltd

Est. Employees: 220

City: Erwin

Walmart Stores, Inc.

Est. Employees: 150

City: Unicoi

Unicoi County Memorial Hospital, Inc.

Est. Employees: 135

City: Erwin

Unicoi County Government

Est. Employees: 125

City: Erwin

Food City

Est. Employees: 125

City: Erwin

Erwin Health Care Center

Est. Employees: 114

City: Erwin

Center On Aging & Health, LLC

Est. Employees: 110

City: Erwin

Transportation & Logistics

Transportation

Nearest Commercial Service Airport

Tri-Cities Regional

Distance to Nearest Commercial Service Airport

31

Daily Flights At Nearest Commercial Service Airport

22

Nearest General Aviation Airport

Johnson City

Distance to Nearest General Aviation Airport

19.2

Runway Length at Nearest General Aviation Airport

3,000'

Mean Travel Time to Work (Minutes)

21.9

Access of Interstate

I-26

U.S. Highways

19, 23

State Highways

36, 81, 107, 173, 352, 395

Nearest Port (From County Seat)

Knoxville

Railroads Serving County

CSX

Sources:
Tennessee Department of Transportation
U.S. Census Bureau, 2010-2014 5-Year American Community Survey

Education

General Stats
Unicoi
Tennessee

Population Aged 25-64 With High School Degree Or Higher

Unicoi: 87.80%

Tennessee: 89.50%

Population Aged 25-64 With Associate's Degree Or Higher

Unicoi: 23.60%

Tennessee: 36.70%

Population Aged 25-64 With Bachelor's Degree Or Higher

Unicoi: 14.50%

Tennessee: 28.70%

High School Graduation Rate

Unicoi: 90%

Tennessee: 89%

College Going Rate

Unicoi: 78.20%

Tennessee: 63.40%

Average ACT Score

Unicoi: 19.9

Tennessee: 20.2

High School Graduation Rate
College Going Rate
Average ACT Score
Unicoi County Schools
Enrollment

Elementary Schools

Enrollment: 983

Middle Schools

Enrollment: 552

High Schools

Enrollment: 737

Regional Higher Education Institutions
City
Enrollment

East Tennessee State University

City: Johnson City

Enrollment: 14,128

Tusculum College

City: Greeneville

Enrollment: 1,796

Milligan College

City: Milligan College

Enrollment: 1,195

Tennessee College of Applied Technology-Elizabethton

City: Elizabethton

Enrollment: 819

Sources:
U.S. Census Bureau, 2017 1-Year American Community Survey,
U.S. Census Bureau, 2013-2017 5-Year American Community Survey
Tennessee Department of Education (2017-2018)
National Center for Education Statistics (2016-2017)
Tennessee Higher Education Commission

† Regional higher education institutions include those within the selected and surrounding counties.

Health & Public Safety

Doctors

Number of Doctors

13

Overweight & Obesity Prevalence

Adults*

33.4%

Children** (Grade 8)

45.3%

Regional Hospitals
Number of Beds
City

Unicoi County Hospital

Number of Beds: 10

City: Erwin

Johnson City Medical Center

Number of Beds: 585

City: Johnson City

Woodridge Psychiatric Hospital

Number of Beds: 585

City: Johnson City

Laughlin Memorial Hospital, Inc.

Number of Beds: 140

City: Greeneville

Sycamore Shoals Hospital

Number of Beds: 121

City: Elizabethton

Takoma Regional Hospital

Number of Beds: 100

City: Greeneville

Franklin Woods Community Hospital

Number of Beds: 80

City: Johnson City

Quillen Rehabilitation Hospital

Number of Beds: 36

City: Johnson City

Sources:
Tennessee Department of Health (2014)
Tennessee Bureau of Investigation (2014)

† Regional hospitals include those within the selected and surrounding counties.

Climate

Climate

Average High Temperature

67.8°F

Average Low Temperature

45°F

Average Annual Temperature

56.4°F

Annual Rainfall

44.81"

Elevation (at County Seat)

1,675'

Prevailing Winds

West

Sources:
usclimatedata.com (2015)

Community Information

Erwin

Population (2020)

5,921

Charter Type

Private Act

Local Option Sales Tax Rate

2.75%

City Property Tax Rate

$1.86

Phone Number

(423) 743-6231

Retire Tennessee Participant

No

Tennessee Downtowns Participant

Yes

Main Street Participant

No

Unicoi

Population (2020)

3,556

Charter Type

General Law Mayor-Alderman

Local Option Sales Tax Rate

2.75%

Phone Number

(423) 743-7162

Retire Tennessee Participant

No

Tennessee Downtowns Participant

No

Main Street Participant

No

Additional Community Information

ThreeStar Certified County

Yes

Sources:
Tennessee Municipal Technical Advisory Service
Tennessee Department of Revenue (2015)
Tennessee Comptroller of the Treasury (2015)
U.S. Census Bureau, 2010-2014 5-Year American Community Survey

Tennessee Department of Economic and Community Development
312 Rosa L. Parks Ave., Nashville, TN 37243
615.741.1888 |
CONNECT WITH US
Partners

© Copyright 2022 TNECD. All Rights Reserved. By continuing to browse this site, you’re accepting the use of cookies. Want to know more? See our Privacy Policy.