Jamie Stitt

Assistant Commissioner, Business and Workforce Development

Tennessee Department of Economic and Community Development
312 Rosa L. Parks Ave., Nashville, TN 37243
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Washington County

County Profile Tool
Washington County

Population & Demographics

Location

Time Zone

Eastern Time Zone

Grand Division

East Tennessee

Area (Square Miles)

326.5

County Seat

Jonesboro

Metropolitan Area

Johnson City, TN

ECD Region

Northeast

Population

Population (2014)

125,745

Population (2019)

129,375

Population Change (2014-2019)

2.9%

Population Forecast (2040)

146,739

Foreign Born Population

5,120

Foreign Born Persons (Percentage of Population)

4.0%

Language Other Than English Spoken At Home

4.7%

Civilian Veteran Population

10,788

Race (Percentage of Population)

White Alone

91.3%

Black or African American, alone

4.2%

American Indian And Alaska Native, alone

0.3%

Asian, alone

1.6%

Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, alone

0.0%

Some Other Race, alone

0.6%

Two or More Races

2.0%

Hispanic or Latino

3.4%

Age (Percentage of Population)
Male
Female
Total

Under 5 Years Old

Male: 5.2%

Female: 5.0%

Total: 5.1%

Under 18 Years Old

Male: 20.0%

Female: 18.9%

Total: 19.4%

18-64 Years Old

Male: 63.8%

Female: 62.4%

Total: 63.1%

65 Years and Over

Male: 16.2%

Female: 18.7%

Total: 17.5%

Median Age

Male: 39.1

Female: 40.7

Total: 39.9

Sources:
U.S. Census Bureau, 2014-2018 5-Year American Community Survey
U.S. Census Bureau, 2018 Annual Population Estimates
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Tennessee State Data Center (2018)

Housing & Income

Housing & Income

Households

52,409

Homeownership Rate

64.7%

Persons Per Household

2.30

Living In Same House 1 Year & Over

83.2%

Median Home Value

$159,400

Annual Home Sales

2,107

Median Sale Price of Homes Sold

$178,500

Persons In Households With Income Below Poverty Level

15.7%

Total Personal Income

$5,568,591,000

Personal Income Per Capita

$43,299

Household Income & Benefits
Percent of Household

Less Than $10,000

8.1%

$10,000 to $14,999

6.0%

$15,000 to $24,999

13.3%

$25,000 to $34,999

11.5%

$35,000 to $49,999

13.9%

$50,000 to $74,999

18.7%

$75,000 to $99,999

11.1%

$100,000 to $149,999

10.3%

$150,000 to $199,999

3.5%

$200,000 or More

3.7%

Median Household Income

$46,752

Percentage of Households by Income Range

Sources:
U.S. Census Bureau, 2014-2018 5-Year American Community Survey
Tennessee Housing Development Agency (2018)
U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (2018)

Tax Structure

Property Tax

Property Tax Rate (County)

$2.15

State Property Tax

None

Assessment Ratio: Residential Property

25%

Assessment Ratio: Farm Property

25%

Assessment Ratio: Commercial/Industrial Property

40%

Assessment Ratio: Public Utility Property

55%

Assessment Ratio: Business Personal Property

30%

State Tax

State Income Tax on Wages

None

State Income Tax: Interest from Bonds and Notes and Dividends from Stock

1% (Hall Income tax is fully repealed after January 1, 2021)

Excise Tax (State)

6.5% of Tennessee taxable income

Franchise Tax (state)

0.25% of the greater of net worth or real and tangible property in Tennessee. The minimum tax is $100.

Unemployment Insurance Tax (state)

2.7% of the first $7,000 in wages for new employers

Sales Tax

State Sales Tax Rate

7.00%

County Sales Tax Rate

2.50%

Local Sales Tax Collections (FY 2017)

$45,432,864

Local Sales Tax Collections (FY 2018)

$47,510,259

Local Sales Tax Collections Growth (FY 2017-FY 2018)

4.6%

State Bond Ratings

Moody's

Aaa

Standard & Poor's

AAA

Fitch

AAA

Debt per Capita

State Debt per Capita

$929 (lowest in U.S.)

County Debt Per Capita

$1,299

Sources:
Tennessee Comptroller of the Treasury (2019)
Tennessee Department of Revenue (2019)
The Tax Foundation (2020)

Labor Force

Labor Force Estimates (2018)
Tennessee
Washington

Labor Force

Tennessee: 3,242,754

Washington: 59,538

Employment

Tennessee: 3,129,078

Washington: 57,383

Unemployment

Tennessee: 113,676

Washington: 2,154

Unemployment Rate

Tennessee: 3.5%

Washington: 3.6%

Monthly Unemployment Rate*
Current
12 Months Ago

Tennessee

Current: 3.6%

12 Months Ago: 3.3%

Washington

Current: 3.1%

12 Months Ago: 3.2%

Unemployment Rate*
Tennessee
Washington

2015

Tennessee: 5.6%

Washington: 5.6%

2016

Tennessee: 4.7%

Washington: 4.8%

2017

Tennessee: 3.7%

Washington: 3.8%

2018

Tennessee: 3.5%

Washington: 3.6%

Unemployment Rate (by percentage)

Sources:
Tennessee Department of Labor and Workforce Development (December 2018)
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Industries (2019)

Industry
Employment
Establishments
Avg. Annual Wages

Crop and Animal Production

Employment: 9

Establishments: 3

Avg. Annual Wages: $52,861

Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction

Employment: 5

Establishments: 3

Avg. Annual Wages: $106,769

Utilities

Employment: 37

Establishments: 2

Employment: $95,045

Construction

Employment: 1,443

Establishments: 217

Employment: $46,496

Manufacturing

Employment: 4,701

Establishments: 130

Employment: $68,051

Wholesale Trade

Employment: 2,021

Establishments: 174

Employment: $69,253

Retail Trade

Employment: 8,060

Establishments: 482

Employment: $32,075

Transportation and Warehousing

Employment: 517

Establishments: 50

Employment: $57,564

Information

Employment: 1,164

Establishments: 48

Employment: $54,596

Finance and Insurance

Employment: 3,069

Establishments: 221

Employment: $57,166

Real Estate and Rental and Leasing

Employment: 618

Establishments: 116

Employment: $39,947

Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services

Employment: 1,709

Establishments: 264

Employment: $71,265

Management of Companies and Enterprises

Employment: 1,346

Establishments: 33

Employment: $78,023

Administrative, Support, Waste Management and Remediation

Employment: 4,367

Establishments: 134

Employment: $28,062

Educational Services

Employment: 299

Establishments: 31

Employment: $23,575

Health Care and Social Assistance

Employment: 11,013

Establishments: 362

Employment: $62,922

Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation

Employment: 569

Establishments: 43

Employment: $32,846

Accommodation and Food Services

Employment: 6,981

Establishments: 290

Employment: $18,401

Other Services (except Public Administration)

Employment: 1,876

Establishments: 312

Employment: $28,865

Government

Employment: 11,811

Establishments: 65

Employment: $71,589

Total

Employment: 69,578

Establishments: 2,981

Employment: $39,539

Unique Occupations*
Employment
Location Quotient*

Special Education Teachers, Preschool

Employment: 179

Location Quotient*: 12.60

Procurement Clerks

Employment: 327

Location Quotient*: 9.73

Bill and Account Collectors

Employment: 949

Location Quotient*: 7.94

Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping

Employment: 245

Location Quotient*: 7.24

Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other

Employment: 74

Location Quotient*: 6.64

Key Cluster
Total Employment

Advanced Materials

108

Aerospace & Defense

10

Appliances & Electrical

993

Automotive

55

Business Services

3,078

Chemicals

332

Distribution & Logistics

2,185

Film, Music & Entertainment

225

Food & Beverage

256

Healthcare & Medical Devices

289

Top Employers

Top County Employers
Estimated Employees
City

East Tennessee State University

Est. Employees: 3,541

City: Johnson City

Johnson City Medical Center

Est. Employees: 2,700

City: Johnson City

Veterans Health Administration

Est. Employees: 2,188

City: Mountain Home

Citi

Est. Employees: 1,700

City: Gray

Advanced Call Center Technologies, LLC

Est. Employees: 1,400

City: Johnson City

City of Johnson City

Est. Employees: 1,200

City: Johnson City

Washington County Board of Education

Est. Employees: 1,200

City: Johnson City

Johnson City Board of Education

Est. Employees: 1,100

City: Johnson City

Mountain States Health Alliance

Est. Employees: 1,000

City: Johnson City

American Water Heater Company

Est. Employees: 900

City: Johnson City

Transportation & Logistics

Transportation

Nearest Commercial Service Airport

Tri-Cities Regional

Distance to Nearest Commercial Service Airport

17

Daily Flights At Nearest Commercial Service Airport

22

Nearest General Aviation Airport

Johnson City

Runway Length at Nearest General Aviation Airport

3000'

Mean Travel Time to Work (Minutes)

20.9

Access of Interstate

I-26 & I-81

U.S. Highways

11, 19, 23, 321

State Highways

34, 36, 67, 75, 81, 91, 93, 107, 353, 354, 381, 400

Nearest Port (From County Seat)

Knoxville

Railroads Serving County

CSX, East TN Railway Corporation, NS

Sources:
Tennessee Department of Transportation
U.S. Census Bureau, 2010-2014 5-Year American Community Survey

Education

General Stats
Washington
Tennessee

Population Aged 25-64 With High School Degree Or Higher

Washington: 91.80%

Tennessee: 89.50%

Population Aged 25-64 With Associate's Degree Or Higher

Washington: 41.40%

Tennessee: 36.70%

Population Aged 25-64 With Bachelor's Degree Or Higher

Washington: 34.30%

Tennessee: 28.70%

High School Graduation Rate

Washington: 93%

Tennessee: 89%

College Going Rate

Washington: 68.00%

Tennessee: 63.40%

Average ACT Score

Washington: 21.3

Tennessee: 20.2

High School Graduation Rate
College Going Rate
Average ACT Score
Washington County Schools
Enrollment

Elementary Schools

Enrollment: 3,672

Middle Schools

Enrollment: 1,863

High Schools

Enrollment: 2,932

Johnson City Schools
Enrollment

Elemetary Schools

Enrollment: 3,784

Middle Schools

Enrollment: 1,750

High Schools

Enrollment: 2,168

Regional Higher Education Institutions
City
Enrollment

East Tennessee State University

City: Johnson City

Enrollment: 14,128

Northeast State Community College

City: Blountville

Enrollment: 6,146

King University

City: Bristol

Enrollment: 2,804

Tusculum College

City: Greeneville

Enrollment: 1,796

Milligan College

City: Milligan College

Enrollment: 1,195

Tennessee College of Applied Technology-Elizabethton

City: Elizabethton

Enrollment: 819

Sources:
U.S. Census Bureau, 2017 1-Year American Community Survey,
U.S. Census Bureau, 2013-2017 5-Year American Community Survey
Tennessee Department of Education (2017-2018)
National Center for Education Statistics (2016-2017)
Tennessee Higher Education Commission

† Regional higher education institutions include those within the selected and surrounding counties.

Health & Public Safety

Doctors

Number of Doctors

1,098

Overweight & Obesity Prevalence

Adults*

32.2%

Children** (Grade 8)

35.3%

Regional Hospitals
Number of Beds
City

Johnson City Medical Center

Number of Beds: 585

City: Johnson City

Woodridge Psychiatric Hospital

Number of Beds: 585

City: Johnson City

Franklin Woods Community Hospital

Number of Beds: 80

City: Johnson City

Quillen Rehabilitation Hospital

Number of Beds: 36

City: Johnson City

Holston Valley Medical Center

Number of Beds: 505

City: Kingsport

Bristol Regional Medical Center

Number of Beds: 312

City: Bristol

Indian Path Community Hospital

Number of Beds: 239

City: Kingsport

Laughlin Memorial Hospital, Inc.

Number of Beds: 140

City: Greeneville

Sycamore Shoals Hospital

Number of Beds: 121

City: Elizabethton

Takoma Regional Hospital

Number of Beds: 100

City: Greeneville

Hawkins County Memorial Hospital

Number of Beds: 50

City: Rogersville

Healthsouth Rehabilitation Hospital

Number of Beds: 50

City: Kingsport

Select Specialty Hospital - Tri Cities, Inc.

Number of Beds: 33

City: Bristol

Unicoi County Hospital

Number of Beds: 10

City: Erwin

Sources:
Tennessee Department of Health (2014)
Tennessee Bureau of Investigation (2014)

† Regional hospitals include those within the selected and surrounding counties.

Climate

Climate

Average High Temperature

67.3°F

Average Low Temperature

44.1°F

Average Annual Temperature

55.7°F

Annual Rainfall

45.11"

Elevation (at County Seat)

1,525'

Prevailing Winds

West

Sources:
usclimatedata.com (2015)

Community Information

Johnson City

Population (2013)

64,614

Charter Type

Home Rule

Local Option Sales Tax Rate

2.25% - 2.75%

City Property Tax Rate

$1.87

Phone Number

(423) 434-6000

Retire Tennessee Participant

No

Tennessee Downtowns Participant

No

Main Street Participant

No

Jonesborough

Population (2013)

5,138

Charter Type

Private Act

Local Option Sales Tax Rate

2.50%

City Property Tax Rate

$1.31

Phone Number

(423) 753-1030

Retire Tennessee Participant

No

Tennessee Downtowns Participant

No

Main Street Participant

Yes

Watauga

Population (2013)

360

Charter Type

General Law Manager-Commission

Local Option Sales Tax Rate

2.50% - 2.75%

City Property Tax Rate

$0.35

Phone Number

(423) 928-3490

Retire Tennessee Participant

No

Tennessee Downtowns Participant

No

Main Street Participant

No

Additional Community Information

ThreeStar Certified County

Yes

Sources:
Tennessee Municipal Technical Advisory Service
Tennessee Department of Revenue (2015)
Tennessee Comptroller of the Treasury (2015)
U.S. Census Bureau, 2010-2014 5-Year American Community Survey

Tennessee Department of Economic and Community Development
312 Rosa L. Parks Ave., Nashville, TN 37243
615.741.1888 |
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