Jamie Stitt

Assistant Commissioner, Business and Workforce Development

Tennessee Department of Economic and Community Development
312 Rosa L. Parks Ave., Nashville, TN 37243
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Washington County

County Profile Tool
Washington County

Population & Demographics

Location

Time Zone

Eastern Time Zone

Grand Division

East Tennessee

Area (Square Miles)

326.5

County Seat

Jonesboro

Metropolitan Area

Johnson City, TN

ECD Region

Northeast

Population

Population

(2014)

122,979

Population

(2019)

133,001

Population Change

(2014 - 2019)

8.20%

Population Forecast

(2040)

146,739

Foreign Born Population

5,178

Foreign Born Persons (Percentage of Population)

4.10%

Language Other Than English Spoken At Home

4.80%

Civilian Veteran Population

10,879

Race (Percentage of Population)

White Alone

85.70%

Black or African American, alone

4.20%

American Indian And Alaska Native, alone

0.30%

Asian, alone

1.50%

Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, alone

0.00%

Some Other Race, alone

2.10%

Two or More Races

6.10%

Hispanic or Latino

4.60%

Age (Percentage of Population)
Male
Female
Total

Under 5 Years Old

Male: 5.40%

Female: 4.70%

Total: 5.00%

Under 18 Years Old

Male: 20.00%

Female: 18.60%

Total: 19.30%

18-64 Years Old

Male: 63.40%

Female: 62.40%

Total: 62.80%

65 Years and Over

Male: 16.60%

Female: 19.00%

Total: 17.90%

Median Age

Male: 39.2

Female: 41.1

Total: 40.2

Sources:
U.S. Census Bureau, 2015-2019 5-Year American Community Survey
U.S. Census Bureau, 2019 Annual Population Estimates
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Tennessee State Data Center (2018)

Housing & Income

Housing & Income

Households

52,409

Homeownership Rate

64.4%

Persons Per Household

2.28

Living In Same House 1 Year & Over

81.7%

Median Home Value

$163,000

Annual Home Sales

2,270

Median Sale Price of Homes Sold

$179,850

Persons In Households With Income Below Poverty Level

15.4%

Total Personal Income

$5,769,260

Personal Income Per Capita

$44,593

County Median Wage

$16.60

Household Income & Benefits
Percent of Household

Less Than $10,000

8.1%

$10,000 to $14,999

5.7%

$15,000 to $24,999

12.6%

$25,000 to $34,999

11.5%

$35,000 to $49,999

13.4%

$50,000 to $74,999

18.0%

$75,000 to $99,999

10.8%

$100,000 to $149,999

11.9%

$150,000 to $199,999

3.9%

$200,000 or More

4.1%

Median Household Income

$48,334

Percentage of Households by Income Range

Sources:
U.S. Census Bureau, 2015-2019 5-Year American Community Survey
Tennessee Housing Development Agency (2019)
U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (2019)
Economic Modeling Specialists Intl. (2020)

Tax Structure

Property Tax

Property Tax Rate (County)

$2.1500

State Property Tax

None

Assessment Ratio: Residential Property

25%

Assessment Ratio: Farm Property

25%

Assessment Ratio: Commercial/Industrial Property

40%

Assessment Ratio: Public Utility Property

55%

Assessment Ratio: Business Personal Property

30%

State Tax

State Income Tax on Wages

None

State Income Tax: Interest from Bonds and Notes and Dividends from Stock

None (Hall Income tax was fully repealed January 1, 2021)

Excise Tax (State)

6.5% of Tennessee taxable income

Franchise Tax (state)

0.25% of the greater of net worth or real and tangible property in Tennessee. The minimum tax is $100.

Unemployment Insurance Tax (state)

2.7% of the first $7,000 in wages for new employers

Sales Tax

State Sales Tax Rate

7.00%

County Sales Tax Rate

2.50%

Local Sales Tax Collections

(FY 2020)

$63,755,627

Local Sales Tax Collections

(FY 2019)

$53,453,078

Local Sales Tax Collections Growth

(FY 2019 - FY 2020)

19.3%

State Bond Ratings

Moody's

Aaa

Standard & Poor's

AAA

Fitch

AAA

Debt per Capita

State Debt per Capita

$986 (lowest in U.S.)

County Debt Per Capita

$1,080

Sources:
Tennessee Comptroller of the Treasury (2020)
Tennessee Department of Revenue (2020)
The Tax Foundation (2020)

Labor Force

Labor Force Estimates (2019)
Tennessee
Washington

Labor Force

Tennessee: 3,287,422

Washington: 59,783

Employment

Tennessee: 3,041,838

Washington: 55,928

Unemployment

Tennessee: 245,584

Washington: 3,855

Unemployment Rate

Tennessee: 7.5%

Washington: 6.4%

Unemployment Rate*
Tennessee
Washington

2016

Tennessee: 3.7%

Washington: 3.8%

2017

Tennessee: 3.5%

Washington: 3.5%

2018

Tennessee: 3.4%

Washington: 3.4%

2019

Tennessee: 7.5%

Washington: 6.4%

Unemployment Rate (by percentage)

Sources:
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Industries (2020)

Industry
Employment
Establishments
Avg. Annual Wages

Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction

Employment: 20

Establishments: 2

Avg. Annual Wages: $49,285

Utilities

Employment: 50

Establishments: 3

Employment: $122,096

Construction

Employment: 1,657

Establishments: 253

Employment: $43,702

Manufacturing

Employment: 5,153

Establishments: 136

Employment: $55,089

Wholesale Trade

Employment: 2,197

Establishments: 180

Employment: $66,506

Retail Trade

Employment: 7,986

Establishments: 497

Employment: $33,079

Transportation and Warehousing

Employment: 578

Establishments: 54

Employment: $51,036

Information

Employment: 865

Establishments: 71

Employment: $50,314

Finance and Insurance

Employment: 3,398

Establishments: 230

Employment: $55,656

Real Estate and Rental and Leasing

Employment: 682

Establishments: 137

Employment: $41,861

Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services

Employment: 2,098

Establishments: 305

Employment: $63,378

Management of Companies and Enterprises

Employment: 1,486

Establishments: 32

Employment: $69,844

Administrative, Support, Waste Management and Remediation

Employment: 4,811

Establishments: 155

Employment: $29,271

Educational Services

Employment: 318

Establishments: 35

Employment: $24,532

Health Care and Social Assistance

Employment: 10,096

Establishments: 477

Employment: $61,323

Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation

Employment: 486

Establishments: 49

Employment: $27,486

Accommodation and Food Services

Employment: 6,474

Establishments: 291

Employment: $18,529

Other Services (except Public Administration)

Employment: 1,208

Establishments: 260

Employment: $32,052

Government

Employment: 11,611

Establishments: 67

Employment: $56,530

Total

Employment: 61,173

Establishments: 3,231

Employment: $47,439

Unique Occupations*
Employment
Location Quotient*

Woodworkers, All Other

Employment: 77

Location Quotient*: 24.03

Farm and Home Management Educators

Employment: 87

Location Quotient*: 21.91

Barbers

Employment: 121

Location Quotient*: 15.69

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons

Employment: 32

Location Quotient*: 14.94

Entertainment Attendants and Related Workers, All Other

Employment: 24

Location Quotient*: 13.26

Key Cluster
Total Employment

Advanced Materials

67

Aerospace & Defense

97

Appliances & Electrical

608

Automotive

118

Business Services

4,066

Chemicals

317

Distribution & Logistics

1,396

Film, Music & Entertainment

11

Food & Beverage

441

Healthcare & Medical Devices

514

Top Employers

Top County Employers
Estimated Employees
City

East Tennessee State University

Est. Employees: 3,541

City: Johnson City

Veterans Health Administration

Est. Employees: 2,188

City: Mountain Home

Johnson City Medical Center

Est. Employees: 2,000

City: Johnson City

Citi

Est. Employees: 1,700

City: Gray

Advanced Call Center Technologies, LLC

Est. Employees: 1,500

City: Johnson City

Washington County Board of Education

Est. Employees: 1,200

City: Johnson City

American Water Heater Company

Est. Employees: 1,170

City: Johnson City

Johnson City Board of Education

Est. Employees: 1,100

City: Johnson City

Mountain States Health Alliance

Est. Employees: 993

City: Johnson City

City of Johnson City

Est. Employees: 985

City: Johnson City

Transportation & Logistics

Transportation

Nearest Commercial Service Airport

Tri-Cities Regional

Distance to Nearest Commercial Service Airport

17

Daily Flights At Nearest Commercial Service Airport

22

Nearest General Aviation Airport

Johnson City

Runway Length at Nearest General Aviation Airport

3000'

Mean Travel Time to Work (Minutes)

20.9

Access of Interstate

I-26 & I-81

U.S. Highways

11, 19, 23, 321

State Highways

34, 36, 67, 75, 81, 91, 93, 107, 353, 354, 381, 400

Nearest Port (From County Seat)

Knoxville

Railroads Serving County

CSX, East TN Railway Corporation, NS

Sources:
Tennessee Department of Transportation
U.S. Census Bureau, 2010-2014 5-Year American Community Survey

Education

General Stats
Washington
Tennessee

Population Aged 25-64 With High School Degree Or Higher

Washington: 91.80%

Tennessee: 89.50%

Population Aged 25-64 With Associate's Degree Or Higher

Washington: 41.40%

Tennessee: 36.70%

Population Aged 25-64 With Bachelor's Degree Or Higher

Washington: 34.30%

Tennessee: 28.70%

High School Graduation Rate

Washington: 93%

Tennessee: 89%

College Going Rate

Washington: 68.00%

Tennessee: 63.40%

Average ACT Score

Washington: 21.3

Tennessee: 20.2

High School Graduation Rate
College Going Rate
Average ACT Score
Washington County Schools
Enrollment

Elementary Schools

Enrollment: 3,672

Middle Schools

Enrollment: 1,863

High Schools

Enrollment: 2,932

Johnson City Schools
Enrollment

Elemetary Schools

Enrollment: 3,784

Middle Schools

Enrollment: 1,750

High Schools

Enrollment: 2,168

Regional Higher Education Institutions
City
Enrollment

East Tennessee State University

City: Johnson City

Enrollment: 14,128

Northeast State Community College

City: Blountville

Enrollment: 6,146

King University

City: Bristol

Enrollment: 2,804

Tusculum College

City: Greeneville

Enrollment: 1,796

Milligan College

City: Milligan College

Enrollment: 1,195

Tennessee College of Applied Technology-Elizabethton

City: Elizabethton

Enrollment: 819

Sources:
U.S. Census Bureau, 2017 1-Year American Community Survey,
U.S. Census Bureau, 2013-2017 5-Year American Community Survey
Tennessee Department of Education (2017-2018)
National Center for Education Statistics (2016-2017)
Tennessee Higher Education Commission

† Regional higher education institutions include those within the selected and surrounding counties.

Health & Public Safety

Doctors

Number of Doctors

1,098

Overweight & Obesity Prevalence

Adults*

32.2%

Children** (Grade 8)

35.3%

Regional Hospitals
Number of Beds
City

Johnson City Medical Center

Number of Beds: 585

City: Johnson City

Woodridge Psychiatric Hospital

Number of Beds: 585

City: Johnson City

Franklin Woods Community Hospital

Number of Beds: 80

City: Johnson City

Quillen Rehabilitation Hospital

Number of Beds: 36

City: Johnson City

Holston Valley Medical Center

Number of Beds: 505

City: Kingsport

Bristol Regional Medical Center

Number of Beds: 312

City: Bristol

Indian Path Community Hospital

Number of Beds: 239

City: Kingsport

Laughlin Memorial Hospital, Inc.

Number of Beds: 140

City: Greeneville

Sycamore Shoals Hospital

Number of Beds: 121

City: Elizabethton

Takoma Regional Hospital

Number of Beds: 100

City: Greeneville

Hawkins County Memorial Hospital

Number of Beds: 50

City: Rogersville

Healthsouth Rehabilitation Hospital

Number of Beds: 50

City: Kingsport

Select Specialty Hospital - Tri Cities, Inc.

Number of Beds: 33

City: Bristol

Unicoi County Hospital

Number of Beds: 10

City: Erwin

Sources:
Tennessee Department of Health (2014)
Tennessee Bureau of Investigation (2014)

† Regional hospitals include those within the selected and surrounding counties.

Climate

Climate

Average High Temperature

67.3°F

Average Low Temperature

44.1°F

Average Annual Temperature

55.7°F

Annual Rainfall

45.11"

Elevation (at County Seat)

1,525'

Prevailing Winds

West

Sources:
usclimatedata.com (2015)

Community Information

Johnson City

Population (2019)

66,515

Charter Type

Home Rule

Local Option Sales Tax Rate

2.50%

City Property Tax Rate

$1.71

Phone Number

(423) 434-6000

Retire Tennessee Participant

Yes

Tennessee Downtowns Participant

No

Main Street Participant

No

Jonesborough

Population (2019)

5,427

Charter Type

Private Act

Local Option Sales Tax Rate

2.50%

City Property Tax Rate

$1.20

Phone Number

(423) 753-1030

Retire Tennessee Participant

Yes

Tennessee Downtowns Participant

No

Main Street Participant

Yes

Watauga

Population (2019)

411

Charter Type

General Law Manager-Commission

Local Option Sales Tax Rate

2.50%

City Property Tax Rate

$0.70

Phone Number

(423) 928-3490

Retire Tennessee Participant

Yes

Tennessee Downtowns Participant

No

Main Street Participant

No

Additional Community Information

ThreeStar Certified County

Yes

Sources:
Tennessee Municipal Technical Advisory Service
Tennessee Department of Revenue (2015)
Tennessee Comptroller of the Treasury (2015)
U.S. Census Bureau, 2010-2014 5-Year American Community Survey

Tennessee Department of Economic and Community Development
312 Rosa L. Parks Ave., Nashville, TN 37243
615.741.1888 |
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